Original Research

Clinical effect of deep water running on non-specific low back pain: A randomised trial

A.I. Cuesta-Vargas, J.C. García-Romero, Á.M. Dediego-Acosta, M. González-Sánchez, M.T. Labajos-Manzanares
South African Journal of Physiotherapy | Vol 65, No 3 | a88 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajp.v65i3.88 | © 2009 A.I. Cuesta-Vargas, J.C. García-Romero, Á.M. Dediego-Acosta, M. González-Sánchez, M.T. Labajos-Manzanares | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 06 January 2009 | Published: 06 January 2009

About the author(s)

A.I. Cuesta-Vargas,
J.C. García-Romero,
Á.M. Dediego-Acosta,
M. González-Sánchez,
M.T. Labajos-Manzanares,

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Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate clinical effect of deep water running(DW R) on non-specific low back pain. Outcome measures were pain, disability,general health and physical fitness.  Materials and methods: Experimental, randomized,  controlled trial involving 46 persons with CLBP over 15 weekswith two experimental processes, each three times a week. Evidence-basedProgram (EBP, personalized physical exercise program, manual therapy andhealth educa tion) was the common process to which was added 20 minutes ofpersonalized intensity DW R at the aerobic threshold. Measurements were made at the beginning and end of the studyof pain, disability, general health and physical fitness.  R esults: The pain of CLBP were homogeneous at baseline.Significant changes between group were don’t found for pain in favour of the EBP+DW R group (p<0.3). The within-group differences were highly significant for all clinical and functional variables. The effect was clinically relevant forpain in the EBP+DW R group (0.70) and in the EBP group (0.58), and for disability degree it was also relevant in theEBP+DW R group (0.48) and relevant for the EBP group (0.36). Conclusion: Significant improvement was seen inCLBP when EBP was complemented with the high-intensity exercise of DW R.

Keywords

deep water running; clinical effect; randomised trial; evidence-based physiotherapy; aquatics; hydrotherapy

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