Original Research

The perceptions, attitudes and knowledge of physiotherapy and chiropractic students regarding each others’ professional practice

N. Naidoo, L. Bühler
South African Journal of Physiotherapy | Vol 65, No 2 | a85 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajp.v65i2.85 | © 2009 N. Naidoo, L. Bühler | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 06 January 2009 | Published: 19 February 2009

About the author(s)

N. Naidoo, Lecturer,Discipline of Physiotherapy
L. Bühler, Discipline of Physiotherapy

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Abstract

Introduction: The roles of physiotherapists and chiropractors demon-strate some overlap. Both are members of a multidisciplinary team and contributeto the holistic care of patients. Good understanding of each others’ professionalpractice may lead to good working relationships with effective referrals, inter -disciplinary and multidisciplinary management of patients. Purpose: To investigate the perceptions, attitudes and knowledge of undergraduatephysiotherapy and chiropractic students about each others’ professional roles inclinical practice. Methodology: Data was obtained using a questionnaire with closed and open-ended questions. First and final-yearphysiotherapy (n = 72) and chiropractic students (n = 49) participated. Results: First and final year physiotherapy students scored 58% and 62% respectively in the “test” on chiropractic;chiropractic students scored 52% and 68% respectively in the test on physiotherapy. Seventy percent of the chiropractic and 14% of the physiotherapy students had visited the practice of other profession. Sixty seven percent of the chiropractic and 38% of the physiotherapy students found it was effective. Forty seven percent chiropractic and 80% physiotherapy students considered physiotherapy and chiropractic to be in direct competition. Sixty six percentof the chiropractic students and 49% of the physiotherapy students expressed the intention of working together withthe other profession.  Discussion: The reason for the possible feelings of competitiveness could be because in South A frica there is vastoverlap of practice in both professions; Physiotherapists and chiropractors are seen to use modalities that are similar.This may be viewed as an indication of the importance in defining the roles, scope and characteristics of both physio-therapy and chiropractic.Conclusion: The knowledge of the physiotherapy and chiropractic students is equal, however, chiropractic studentshave more positive perceptions and attitudes towards physiotherapy than physiotherapy students have of chiropractic.

Keywords

physiotherapy; chiropractic; health knowledge; attitudes; professional practice

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