How to do a systematic literature review

M. Papadopoulos, P. Rheeder
South African Journal of Physiotherapy | Vol 56, No 1 | a544 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajp.v56i1.544 | © 2018 M. Papadopoulos, P. Rheeder | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 11 September 2018 | Published: 28 February 2000

About the author(s)

M. Papadopoulos, Physiotherapy Department, University of Pretoria, South Africa
P. Rheeder, Clinical epidemiology, University of Pretoria, South Africa

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Physiotherapists, whether serving individual patients or populations, always have to sought to base their decisions and actions on the best possible evidence. In making choices, health professionals may benefit from structured summaries of the options and outcomes, systematic reviews of the evidence and recommendations regarding the best choices. The aim of this paper is to present guidelines on how to conduct a systematic review. The structure and content of a systematic review are being discussed, following a step-by-step approach.


systematic literature review; physiotherapy; methodology; meta-analysis


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