Abstract

Urinary incontinence in female patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

M. Papadopoulos, I. Muller, S. Cullen
South African Journal of Physiotherapy | Vol 57, No 4 | a521 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajp.v57i4.521 | © 2018 M. Papadopoulos, I. Muller, S. Cullen | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 31 August 2018 | Published: 30 November 2001

About the author(s)

M. Papadopoulos, Department of Physiotherapy, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa
I. Muller, Department of Physiotherapy, University of the Witwatersrand., South Africa
S. Cullen, Department of Physiotherapy, University of the Witwatersrand., South Africa

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Abstract

Background: Urinary incontinence has been experienced as a problem since 1500 BC. In the twentieth century it is still a major problem that remains a source of distress for many sufferers. A lack of literature regarding the prevalence  of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) amongst chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients lead to this study

Objective: To determine the prevalence of stress urinary incontinence in female COPD patients between the ages of 30 and 70 years.

Methods: This cross-sectional study included 67 female COPD patients (aged 30-70 years) who were interviewed during a three month period. A structured COPD / incontinence questionnaire was used to obtain data. Statistical analysis of results included Fisher’s exact test and two-tailed t-tests. A p-value of < 0,05 was considered to be statistical significant.

Results: The prevalence of SUI in female COPD patients was estimated as 82,1%. Smoking history was the only variable with a significant positive correlation regarding the patients presenting with SUI (p < 0,05). The proportion of smokers in the subjects presenting with SUI (SUI group - 29/55) is significantly higher than the subjects with no symptoms of SUI (normal group - 2/12).

Discussion and Conclusion: The outcome of this study revealed a high prevalence of SUI in female COPD patients. Cigarette smoking, as the major contributing factor, revealed a strong statistical correlation between COPD and SUI.


Keywords

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; urinary incontinence; stress urinary incontinence; prevalence; cigarette smoking

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