Original Research

The prevalence of urinary incontinence and its impact on quality of life among the university female staff in South Africa

L. Skaal, M.K. Mashola
South African Journal of Physiotherapy | Vol 67, No 2 | a46 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajp.v67i2.46 | © 2011 L. Skaal, M.K. Mashola | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 05 January 2011 | Published: 05 January 2011

About the author(s)

L. Skaal, University of Limpopo, South Africa
M.K. Mashola, University of Limpopo, South Africa

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Abstract

Background: Urinary incontinence (UI) is a common problem among females and has been associated with significant decreased quality of  life. Few  women  seek  help  for  this  condition  with  only  a  few  who consult physiotherapy treatment.Purpose: To determine the prevalence of urinary incontinence and its impact on quality of life among the university women in South Africa.Method:  A  quantitative  cross-sectional  study design  with  145  women  ran-domly selected from the university. A questionnaire was used to determine UI Diagnosis; Impact on Qol and treatment seeking tendencies. BMI was meas-ured objectively. ethical clearance was obtained from University. Data was analysed using SPSS 17.0Results:  Forty  six(32%)  women  reported  to  having  UI.  Risk  factors  associated  with  UI  included  age,  race,  and  obesity. UI had a significant negative impact on quality of life and only 4.4% of participants with UI consulted physio-therapy for this condition.Conclusion: There is a high prevalence of UI among the women at this university with a significant impact on quality of life.The role of Physiotherapy in management of UI has been demonstrated and there is therefore a need to empower women with non-invasive treatment options, like physiotherapy.

Keywords

urinary incontinence; impact, quality of life; physiotherapy.

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