Original Research

Injury profile of musicians in the Bloemfontein-based Free State symphony orchestra: a short report

R. Barnes, H. Attwood, J. Blom, S. Jankielsohn, W. Janse van Rensburg, T. Smith, L. Van Ede, M. Nel
South African Journal of Physiotherapy | Vol 67, No 2 | a45 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajp.v67i2.45 | © 2011 R. Barnes, H. Attwood, J. Blom, S. Jankielsohn, W. Janse van Rensburg, T. Smith, L. Van Ede, M. Nel | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 05 January 2011 | Published: 05 January 2011

About the author(s)

R. Barnes, University of the Free State, South Africa
H. Attwood, University of the Free State, South Africa
J. Blom, University of the Free State, South Africa
S. Jankielsohn, University of the Free State, South Africa
W. Janse van Rensburg, University of the Free State, South Africa
T. Smith, University of the Free State, South Africa
L. Van Ede, University of the Free State, South Africa
M. Nel, University of the Free State, South Africa

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Abstract

Similar  to  professional  athletes,  musicians  are  required  to perform optimally.  Few  studies  have  been  conducted  to  clarify  the  nature of injuries associated with musicians. This study aimed to determine the types of injuries and their prevalence amongst the musicians of the Free State Symphony orchestra (FSSo), contributing factors, the musicians’ response to injury, and their perception of physiotherapy. Forty-five members of the FSSO participated in this descriptive study. Analysis of data included frequencies and percentages for categorical data and percentiles for continuous data. Thirty-eight (84.4%) participants reported injuries related to playing their instruments. Insufficient resting  periods  during playing  sessions  (70.3%),  continuing  to  play  while experiencing symptoms (63.2%) and performing the same movement repetitively (64.9%) were identified as the perceived risk factors in the development of symptoms.  Seventeen  (44.7%)  participants  indicated that they  did  nothing  to relieve their symptoms, while 34.2% sought physiotherapy treatment, 31.6% took medication to alleviate their symptoms and 31.6% reduced their playing hours. Majority of participants (75%) felt that their symptoms could be relieved by physiotherapy. Injuries amongst musicians result from a combination of factors such as posture, repetitive movements and fatigue. Possible physiotherapeutic intervention identified included educating musicians on the advantages of early management of injuries in extending their professional careers.

Keywords

injury profile; musicians; symphony orchestra; classical instruments; SOUTH AFRICA

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