Original Research

Quadriceps vascular occlusion does not alter muscle action or balance: A cross-sectional study

Daiene C. Ferreira, Letícia B. Vale, Felipe H. Santos, Christiane S.G. Macedo
South African Journal of Physiotherapy | Vol 80, No 1 | a1954 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajp.v80i1.1954 | © 2024 Daiene C. Ferreira, Letícia B. Vale, Felipe H. Santos, Christiane S.G. Macedo | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 20 July 2023 | Published: 31 January 2024

About the author(s)

Daiene C. Ferreira, Department of Physiotherapy, State University of Londrina, Londrina, Brazil
Letícia B. Vale, Department of Physiotherapy, State University of Londrina, Londrina, Brazil
Felipe H. Santos, Department of Physiotherapy, State University of Londrina, Londrina, Brazil
Christiane S.G. Macedo, Department of Physiotherapy, State University of Londrina, Londrina, Brazil

Abstract

Background: Partial vascular occlusion (PVO) can increase muscle strength and hypertrophy without joint overload. However, PVO could increase the possibility of imbalances and injuries during physical activity.

Objectives: To identify changes in strength, muscle activation, and postural control during the use of PVO in young women.

Method: A total of 14 healthy women aged between 18 and 30 years were evaluated. Dynamometry was used to analyse the strength of the quadriceps muscle, and surface electromyography to evaluate quadriceps muscle activity. A force platform was utilised to assess postural control, static single-legged support, single-legged squat, and climbing and descending stairs. Participants were randomly assigned to the evaluations either with or without PVO. The results were compared and correlated.

Results: The performance of static, dynamic, or stair exercises, with or without PVO, did not indicate differences in muscle strength and recruitment (p > 0.05). The use of PVO improved the velocity of anteroposterior (AP) oscillation of static postural control (p = 0.001). We found a moderate negative correlation between muscle strength and postural control during the ascending stairs task with the use of PVO (r = −0.54; r = −0.59), while in the group without PVO, the correlation was moderate to high (r = −0.55; r = −0.76).

Conclusion: The use of PVO did not impair muscle strength and recruitment of the quadriceps or postural control in healthy women.

Clinical Implications: Partial vascular occlusion can be used during dynamic exercises without impairing the balance and muscle strength of the quadriceps during its execution.

 


Keywords

electromyography; vascular occlusion; quadriceps; muscle strength; postural balance; women

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