Review Article

Exercise dosage to facilitate the recovery of balance, walking, and quality of life after stroke

Elogni R. Amanzonwé, Lisa Tedesco Triccas, Léopold Codjo, Dominique Hansen, Peter Feys, Oyéné Kossi
South African Journal of Physiotherapy | Vol 79, No 1 | a1846 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajp.v79i1.1846 | © 2023 Elogni R. Amanzonwé, Lisa Tedesco Triccas, Léopold Codjo, Dominique Hansen, Peter Feys, Oyéné Kossi | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 10 October 2022 | Published: 10 February 2023

About the author(s)

Elogni R. Amanzonwé, Unit of NeuroRehabilitation, Department of Neurology NeuroRehabilitation, University of Parakou, Parakou, Benin; and, REVAL, Rehabilitation Research Center, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Hasselt University, Hasselt, Belgium
Lisa Tedesco Triccas, REVAL, Rehabilitation Research Center, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Hasselt University, Hasselt, Belgium
Léopold Codjo, Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Parakou, Parakou, Benin
Dominique Hansen, REVAL, Rehabilitation Research Center, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Hasselt University, Hasselt, Belgium; and, Heart Centre Hasselt, Jessa Hospital, Hasselt, Belgium
Peter Feys, REVAL, Rehabilitation Research Center, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Hasselt University, Hasselt, Belgium
Oyéné Kossi, REVAL, Rehabilitation Research Center, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Hasselt University, Hasselt, Belgium; and, Unit of NeuroRehabilitation, Department of Neurology NeuroRehabilitation, University Hospital of Parakou, Parakou, Benin; and, ENATSE, National School of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Parakou, Parakou, Benin

Abstract

Background: Although aerobic training (AT) and resistance training (RT) are recommended after stroke, the optimal dosage of these interventions and their effectiveness on balance, walking capacity, and quality of life (QoL) remain conflicting.

Objective: Our study aimed to quantify the effects of different modes, dosages and settings of exercise therapy on balance, walking capacity, and QoL in stroke survivors.

Methods: PubMed, CINHAL, and Hinari databases were searched for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the effects of AT and RT on balance, walking, and QoL in stroke survivors. The treatment effect was computed by the standard mean differences (SMDs).

Results: Twenty-eight trials (n = 1571 participants) were included. Aerobic training and RT interventions were ineffective on balance. Aerobic training interventions were the most effective in improving walking capacity (SMD = 0.37 [0.02, 0.71], p = 0.04). For walking, capacity, a higher dosage (duration ≥ 120 min/week; intensity ≥ 60% heart rate reserve) of AT interventions demonstrated a significantly greater effect (SMD = 0.58 [0.12, 1.04], p = 0.01). Combined AT and RT improved QoL (SMD = 0.56 [0.12, 0.98], p = 0.01). Hospital located rehabilitation setting was effective for improving walking capacity (SMD = 0.57 [0.06, 1.09], p = 0.03) compared with home and/or community and laboratory settings.

Conclusions: Our findings showed that neither AT nor RT have a significant effect on balance. However, AT executed in hospital-located settings with a higher dose is a more effective strategy to facilitate walking capacity in chronic stroke. In contrast, combined AT and RT is beneficial for improving QoL.

Clinical implications: A high dosage of aerobic exercise, duration ≥ 120 min/week; intensity ≥ 60% heart rate reserve is beneficial for improving walking capacity.


Keywords

balance; exercise therapy; quality of life; stroke; walking ability

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Crossref Citations

1. Bilateral versus unilateral upper limb training in (sub)acute stroke: A systematic and meta-analysis
Justine Dembele, Lisa Tedesco Triccas, Lisa Elogni Renaud Amanzonwé, Oyéné Kossi, Annemie Spooren
South African Journal of Physiotherapy  vol: 80  issue: 1  year: 2024  
doi: 10.4102/sajp.v80i1.1985