Original Research

Effect of aerobic dance on pain, functional disability and quality of life on patients with chronic low back pain

U.A.C. Okafor, T.A. Solanke, S.R.A. Akinbo, D.O. Odebiyi
South African Journal of Physiotherapy | Vol 68, No 3 | a18 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajp.v68i3.18 | © 2012 U.A.C. Okafor, T.A. Solanke, S.R.A. Akinbo, D.O. Odebiyi | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 11 December 2012 | Published: 11 December 2012

About the author(s)

U.A.C. Okafor, Physiotherapy Department, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria
T.A. Solanke, Physiotherapy Department, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria
S.R.A. Akinbo, Physiotherapy Department, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria
D.O. Odebiyi, Physiotherapy Department, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria

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Abstract

Low back pain (LBP) is often an indication of pathologicalcondition of the intervertebral discs, vertebral bodies or supporting soft tissuesof the lower vertebral region. Chronic Low Back Pain (CLBP) presents withenormous consequence on the general performance of the sufferer, exerting ahuge cost on the individual, the family and the society. Dance therapy is arelatively new approach in the management of low back pain. This study wastherefore designed to investigate the effect of dance therapy on pain, functionaldisability and quality of life in patients with chronic low back pain.Thirty subjects diagnosed with non-specific CLBP particpated in the study.They were randomly divided into 2 groups, A and B, each comprising 15 subjects.In addition to conventional physiotherapy programme given to both groups,subjects in Group A also received aerobic dance, which comprised a four stage protocol. The entire treatment routinewas administered in a group session three times weekly consecutively for six weeks. Data as obtained in the copies ofcompleted questionnaires (Roland Morris Diability questionnaires and Nottingham Health Profile questionnaires) andother measurements were summarized using mean, standard deviation and frequency tables. Student T-test was used toanalyze the data at 95 % confidence interval.There was a statistically significant difference (p<0.05) between the pre- and post- intervention scores for painintensity, functional disability and quality of life within the groups. There was also a statistically significant difference(p<0.05) in the mean change (pre/post intervention) scores between Group A and Group B for pain intensity,functional disability and quality of life. Also the opinions and testimonies given by participants formed part of theevidence-based data.Whereas both conventional physiotherapy and aerobic dance showed significant effects in the pre/post-interventionscores, the aerobic dance group reported more significant effect in all studied parameters of pain intensity, functionaldisability and quality of life.

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