Original Research

Impactful educational transitions: Crossroads for physiotherapy education in South Africa?

Corlia Janse van Vuuren
South African Journal of Physiotherapy | Vol 78, No 1 | a1638 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajp.v78i1.1638 | © 2022 Corlia Janse van Vuuren | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 24 October 2021 | Published: 29 April 2022

About the author(s)

Corlia Janse van Vuuren, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa


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Abstract

Background: Global changes in physiotherapy entry-level educational programmes to exit with a Doctorate or Master’s degree have consequences if physiotherapy education, worldwide, is to remain professionally competitive. However, within the South African context, such global competitiveness should be carefully considered against the national healthcare needs and implementation of the National Health Insurance (NHI) programme, with a bigger emphasis on a skilled mid-level workforce, including physiotherapy technicians or community rehabilitation workers.

Objectives: These competing interests are carefully considered, against the theoretical background of international DPT training; human resource and financial constraints in the South African healthcare sector; reforms of the South African health and educational sectors intended to address the inequalities of the past; the need for quality healthcare delivery and the professional reputation of physiotherapy in South Africa.

Methods: A framework for physiotherapy education in South Africa, to move on from the current educational crossroads, is proposed through an integration of multiple theoretical perspectives.

Results: The framework is based on the current challenges being experienced in physiotherapy education and healthcare service delivery, which could be addressed by changes in the education sphere.

Conclusion: The baseline suggestions for (re)considering the current education environment for physiotherapy, as proposed in my article, are to ensure that the profession remains relevant and able to confront the current changes presented by the South African healthcare system, including the implementation of the NHI plan, whilst remaining globally aligned and competitive.

Clinical implications: The suggested, reconsidered, educational framework for physiotherapy in South Africa could become pivotal in advancing the profession on both a national and international level, through further critical conversations.


Keywords

Doctor of Physical Therapy; physiotherapy technician; community health worker; National Health Insurance; physiotherapy education; Agenda 2063; National Development Plan 2030; Sustainable Development Goals

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