Review Article

The epidemiology of traumatic brain injuries (TBI) – a literature review

S. R. Kalyan
South African Journal of Physiotherapy | Vol 63, No 3 | a141 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajp.v63i3.141 | © 2007 S. R. Kalyan | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 08 January 2007 | Published: 09 January 2007

About the author(s)

S. R. Kalyan,, South Africa

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Abstract

A search of the literature showed limited reported research on the epidemiology of TBI in South Africa. This prompted a search of literature on the epidemiology of TBI in the rest of the world. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of death and disability in most western countries. Motor vehicle accidents (MVA) are the main cause of TBI, followed by gunshot wounds (GSW) and falls. In South Africa, road accident fatalities are 27,3 per 100 000 of the population.  The causes of death and disability vary with age, race and gender groups. Improved medical emergency care has resulted in a decrease in the mortality rate following TBI, but has increased the morbidity rate. The increase in the number of people living with neurological impairments is a significant economic burden when taking into account hospitalization, rehabilitation, medication and the loss of working hours. The emotional burden is unknown. The purpose of this paper is to place in perspective, the epidemiology of TBI, by looking at the published literature in the rest of the world.  In the developing world it is projected that the burden of disease resulting from interpersonal violence will nearly double by 2020 unless preventive action is taken. Many more people survive acts of interpersonal violence than die from them.

Keywords

traumatic brain injury; epidemiology; world

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Crossref Citations

1. Community reintegration of people with traumatic brain injury in South Africa
Nicolette Comley-White, Witness Mudzi, Heidi Gouws
Brain Injury  vol: 36  issue: 9  first page: 1187  year: 2022  
doi: 10.1080/02699052.2022.2111027