Original Research

Exercise overcomes muscle weakness following on trauma and critical illness

H. Van Aswegen, H. Myezwa
South African Journal of Physiotherapy | Vol 64, No 2 | a105 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajp.v64i2.105 | © 2008 H. Van Aswegen, H. Myezwa | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 07 January 2008 | Published: 19 February 2008

About the author(s)

H. Van Aswegen, Physiotherapy Department, School of Therapeutic Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand
H. Myezwa, Physiotherapy Department, School of Therapeutic Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand

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Abstract

Injuries related to trauma are often seen in South Africanintensive care units. Systemic inflammation and the development of sepsislead  to  prolonged  intensive  care  unit  and  hospital  stay.  The  effects  of critical illness and immobility on the human body are not always well-understood. This review article explains the pathogenesis of muscle weak-ness due to inflammation and identifies the role of exercise prescription incounteracting impairments that may be identified in survivors of traumaduring and after hospital stay.

Keywords

trauma; inflammation; muscle weakness; exercise

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